Eastern Europe and Central Asia
The Study on Kzyl-Orda Irrigation/Drainage and Water Management Project, Republic of Kazakhstan
In 1958, a headworks was constructed in Kuzyl-Orda City, fronting the Syr Darya River that debouches into the Aral Sea. The study covered the area irrigated from the left-bank canal from the headworks (approx. 90,000ha) for improvement of infrastructure, establishment of water management systems, and improvement of farming systems, and consequently to formulate a development plan for higher agricultural production efficiency. The development plan aimed at efficient use of water resources and thus alleviation of salt damages. The investigation was conducted with due attention to the point that state farms and farming situation surrounding them had undergone considerable change by market-oriented economic reform.