Middle East
The Master Plan Study for the Improvement of Irrigation Water Management and Environmental Conservation in the North-East Region of the Central Nile Delta, Arab Republic of Egypt
(1998|1999)
The Egyptian population living within the 3.3 million hectares of agricultural land of the Nile River delta depends much for its water consumption for domestic and agricultural activities from the Nile River which, although limited in terms of yield, it is the only dependable water source for the whole of Egypt. This dependence on the River resulted in the early maximum utilization of water from the River which, when not given considerable importance in terms studies about alternative measures to save its water, may have further threatened efficient delivery and utilization of irrigation water which accounted for about 80% of the countryfs water use.
In response to the above concerns, the SCI Team conducted a Master Plan (M/P) Study covering about 30,000 hectares of existing farmlands. The Study aimed to enhance irrigation efficiency in the Nile River delta through a project that embarked on the improvement of an existing irrigation system. One of the components of the project was an Institutional Development Program which adopted the Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) approach. This was focused on the formation of an Irrigatorsf Association at the lateral canals whose purpose for organization was for the efficient management of Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of the irrigation system resulting in good management of scarce and limited irrigation water of the Nile River. Presently, the Irrigation Department of the Egyptian Government manages and controls the operations of the system.
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