West Africa
The Project for Rural Water Supply, Republic of Ghana
In the early 80s, the population of the Republic of Ghana was around 12 million, and almost half of the nation could not access to proper water supply system, depending upon unsanitary river/pond/poor water or unstable rain water. In particular in the rural area, water-borne or water-related diseases such as Guinea Worm or River-blind were prevailed everywhere. Under the situation, the Government of Ghana decided to promote rural water supply project strongly and requested the cooperation by the Japanese Government.
Sanyu Consultants Inc. under JICA had implemented all four phases of the Japanese Grant Aid Projects on this issue; Phase I (in 1986 fiscal year), phase II (1990 - 92 fiscal years), phase III (1996 - 98 fiscal years) and phase IV (2000 - 2001 fiscal years). Through the project implementation of these four phases, Sanyu had constructed more than 1,400 well facilities with hand-pump as well as hygiene/sanitation education, resulted to provide accesses to clean and sanitary water to about 700 thousand of rural people directly or indirectly, and contributed to reduce water-borne diseases drastically.